What you need to know about BOTOX?
Botox, as largely believed, is not meant only for the improvement of cosmetic appearance. Its uses, benefits and side effects are a must to know before you start to take the injectable.
What is Botox?
It is an injectable drug by the generic name Onabotulinumtoxina. Botulinum toxin or Botox is an injectable drug (vial) prepared from botulin, used medically to treat certain muscular conditions and cosmetically to remove wrinkles by temporarily paralysing facial muscles.
There are different types of botulinum toxin products (toxin A and B) with different uses. Different brands of this medication deliver different amounts of medication. Your doctor will choose the correct product for your treatment.
· Botulinum toxin is used to treat certain eye disorders such as crossed eyes (Strabismus) and uncontrolled blinking (blepharospasm) to treat muscle stiffness, spasms or movement disorders, including cervical dystonia, torticollis.
· It is also used to prevent headaches in people with persistent migraines. Botulinum toxin relaxes muscle by blocking the release of a chemical called acetylcholine.
· Botulinum toxin is also used to treat overactive bladder. It helps to reduce leaking of urine, the feeling of needing to urinate right away, and frequent trips to the bathroom.
· It is also used to treat severe underarm sweating and drooling. Botulinum toxin works by blocking the chemicals that turn on the sweat and salivary glands.
· Popularly the product medication is reduced for cosmetic purposes, to reduce the appearance of wrinkles.
Most people start to see an effect within a few days to two weeks, and the effect usually lasts from three to six months.
Botulinum toxin is not a cure, and your symptoms will gradually return as the medication wears off.
How is the medicine administered?
Botox is injected intramuscularly when treating eye disorders, muscle stiffness, spasms, and wrinkles. When used to prevent migraines, it is injected into the muscles of the head and neck. It is injected into the skin (intradermally) for the treatment of excessive sweating. When treating an overactive bladder, it is injected into the bladder.
Since the medication is injected at the site of the condition it is meant for, most of the side effects occur locally, too, close to where the medication is injected. Redness, bruising, infection, and pain at the injection site may occur.
Dizziness, mild difficulty swallowing, respiratory infections, pain, nausea, headache, and muscle weakness may occur when this medication relaxes muscles. Double vision, drooping or swollen eyelids, eye irritation, dry eyes, tearing eyelid, reduced blinking and increased sensitivity to light may also occur.
When this medication is used for overactive bladder, side effects such as urinary tract infections, burning or painful urination, fever and sometimes difficulty urinating may occur. If any of the above symptoms occur, reach out to the doctor immediately.